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Towards Computational Creativity: Some examples in music and the visual art...

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Instituto Cervantes Bruselas

140 Avenue Louise

1050 Bruxelles

Belgium

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Artificial intelligence is playing a significant role in creative activities such as music, architecture, fine arts, and science. Indeed, the computer is already a canvas, a brush, a musical instrument, and so on. However, we should aim at more ambitious relations between computers and creativity. Rather than just seeing the computer as a tool to help human creators, we could see it as a creative entity in its own right. With this understanding in mind, an operational, and widely accepted, definition of creativity is: "a creative idea is a novel and valuable combination of known ideas". In other words, physical laws, theorems, musical pieces can be generated from a finite set of existing elements and, therefore, creativity is an advanced form of problem solving that involves memory, analogy, learning, and reasoning under constraints, among others, and is therefore possible to replicate by means of computers.

This view has triggered a new subfield of Artificial Intelligence called Computational Creativity. This talk addresses the question of the possibility of achieving computational creativity through some examples of computer programs capable of replicating aspects of creative behavior. We end with some reflections on the recent trend of “democratisation" of creativity by means of assisting and augmenting human creativity.

Ramón López de Mántaras is a Research Professor of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) and Director of the Artificial Intelligence Research Institute (IIIA). He has an MSc in Computer Science from the University of California Berkeley, USA, a PhD in Physics from the University of Toulouse, France, and a PhD in Computer Science from the Technical University of Barcelona, Spain. López de Mántaras is a pioneer of artificial intelligence (AI) in Spain and an invited plenary speaker at numerous international conferences. He is an editorial board member of several international journals, an ECCAI. Fellow, and the recipient, among other awards, of the “City of Barcelona” Research Prize, the “2011 American Association of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) Robert S. Engelmore Memorial Award”, the 2012 “Spanish National Computer Science Award” from the Spanish Computer Society, and the 2016 “Distinguished Service Award” of the European Association of Artificial Intelligence (EurAI). He serves on a variety of panels and advisory committees for public and private institutions based in the USA and Europe.

Luc De Raedt is a full professor at the Department of Computer Science of the KU Leuven (Belgium), where he heads the lab for Declarative Languages and Artificial Intelligence. Previously he was a professor at the University of Freiburg in Germany. Luc De Raedt's research interests are in Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning as well as their applications. He is working on the next generation of programming languages, that is, probabilistic programming languages that have built-in abilities for learning from data, on combining probabilistic and logical reasoning, the automation of (data) science, automatically answering exam questions about mathematics, and verifying learning artificial intelligence systems and robotics. He received a prestigious Advanced Grant from the European Research Council, he is on the editorial board of key journals such as Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning, and he has coordinated several European and national research projects.

There will be an introductory performance by Han Bin Yoon, cellist of the Chapelle Musicale Reine Elisabeth.

At the end of the talk, the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) will offer a drink.



This unique talk has been made possible thanks to the collaboration of the Embassy of Spain in Belgium, the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Instituto Cervantes, KU Leuven and Spanish Scientists in Belgium (CEBE).

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Instituto Cervantes Bruselas

140 Avenue Louise

1050 Bruxelles

Belgium

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